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The Cancer Letter Inc.
PO Box 9905
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DC 20016
Tel: 202-362-1809
Fax: 202-379-1787
publication date: Nov 30, 2015
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TCGA Researchers Identify 7 Subtypes of Prostate Cancer and 2 Drivers of Papillary RCC

 

Researchers from The Cancer Genome Atlas Network recently published two studies—one identifying seven distinct molecular subtypes of prostate cancer, and one exploring the genetic drivers of papillary renal cell carcinoma.

A comprehensive analysis of 333 prostate cancers identified key genetic alterations that may help improve classification and treatment of the disease, revealing seven new molecular subtypes of prostate cancer based on known and novel genetic drivers of the disease. These subtypes may therefore have prognostic and therapeutic implications, according to researchers.

Of the seven subtypes, four are characterized by gene fusions (in which parts of two separate genes are linked to form a hybrid gene) involving members of the ETS family of transcription factors (ERG, ETV1, ETV4, and FLI1), and the other three are defined by mutations of the SPOP, FOXA1, and IDH1 genes.



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